A rather rare hereditary disease characterized by the fact that a patient accumulates fats of a certain type in the cells of bones and internal organs – glucocerebrosides. Gaucher disease is a rare disease, it occurs in one of 40-100 thousand. But in closed ethnic communities in which kinship is common, cases of the disease can be an order of magnitude more.
The “culprit” of this pathology is a mutated gene responsible for the activity of the enzyme that breaks down fats (lipids) of glucocerebrosides. As a result, these unprocessed lipids accumulate in the cells of various organs. Hence the second name of the disease – glucocerebroside lipidosis. Continue reading
The aging process begins in the body after 25-30 years, when there are still no signs. But aging is not only wrinkles on the face and gray hair, and not even age-related ailments. One indicator of aging is a decrease in muscle mass.
What is sarcopenia
The fact that with age a person loses muscle mass, noted Hippocrates. But until recently, this fact was somehow not taken into account. And only in 1989, scientists introduced the concept of “sarcopenia”, which in Greek literally means “reduction of the body” (sarx – body, penia – decrease). Since then, the term has been used to refer to atrophic muscle changes that occur with age. Muscle mass can also decrease due to other reasons: cancer, severe renal failure, AIDS, etc. But sarcopenia is precisely age-related changes. Continue reading
Rubella is an acute viral infectious disease. Her symptoms were first described by the German physician F. Hoffmann in 1740, but the causes of the disease became known only in the 20th century, when rubella virus was isolated and studied in 1961.
Typically, rubella in children is easy, unlike adults, who are characterized by a severe course of the disease. Those who have had rubella have immunity to this virus throughout their lives.
From the moment of infection to the appearance of the first signs of rubella, 11 to 24 days, usually 16–20 days, pass. During this period, some patients may feel unwell, weak, tired, their temperature may slightly increase. Redness of the throat, eyes, runny nose, swollen lymph nodes are also possible. Continue reading