classic signs of congenital
The aging process begins in the body after 25-30 years, when there are still no signs. But aging is not only wrinkles on the face and gray hair, and not even age-related ailments. One indicator of aging is a decrease in muscle mass.
What is sarcopenia
The fact that with age a person loses muscle mass, noted Hippocrates. But until recently, this fact was somehow not taken into account. And only in 1989, scientists introduced the concept of “sarcopenia”, which in Greek literally means “reduction of the body” (sarx – body, penia – decrease). Since then, the term has been used to refer to atrophic muscle changes that occur with age. Muscle mass can also decrease due to other reasons: cancer, severe renal failure, AIDS, etc. But sarcopenia is precisely age-related changes. Continue reading
What the geneticist does
Medical genetics is a part of human genetics that studies diseases and pathologies caused by heredity. A genetic doctor studies hereditary diseases and the conditions under which a hereditary predisposition is realized. It does not cure any organ or system of the body, in its competence the identification of a disease associated with genetics, or the risk of its occurrence.
Tasks of genetics:
diagnose a disease due to heredity;
identify genetic pathologies of the fetus during pregnancy of the mother; Continue reading
Are mental illnesses inherited? This question worries many parents. It is very scary to “reward” your child with a mental disorder.
How are mental illnesses transmitted?
The fact that mental illness can be inherited has been noticed for a long time. Today, genetics confirm: indeed, mental disorders are more likely to appear in a child in a family where a relative suffered from a similar ailment. And the reason for this is a violation in the structure of genes.
There is such a thing as a coefficient of hereditary risk. The higher this coefficient, the higher the likelihood that the child will inherit the illness of relatives. Continue reading