What are the signs of low hemoglobin?
A lower than normal hemoglobin level in the blood is not in itself a disease. But this is a symptom that indicates that health is not all right. Moreover, it can be quite serious problems – because hemoglobin performs the most important function in the body.
What does hemoglobin mean for the body?
Hemoglobin is a component of red blood cell cells and is a protein containing iron. It is because of this component that our blood is colored red.
Each hemoglobin molecule contains four iron atoms. This iron has the property of easily binding to molecules of oxygen and carbon dioxide and just as easily give them. This determines the main function of hemoglobin – oxygen metabolism, namely: nutrition of the body with oxygen and removal of carbon dioxide from it.
What does hemoglobin do? Passing through the lungs, it captures the oxygen necessary for the life of the body, and delivers it to the tissues and organs. From them, he receives carbon dioxide and with a reverse flow of blood brings it to the lungs, where it is removed along with exhalation.
But these are not the only goals of hemoglobin. It also maintains an acid-base balance in the body, maintaining the acidity of the pH of the internal environment within normal limits.
The external and internal state of the body depends on the level of hemoglobin
From this it becomes clear that if hemoglobin is lowered, the tissues will experience oxygen starvation. Cells will age quickly and not recover.
Hemoglobin low, high, normal
For the body to function properly, a certain amount of hemoglobin (Hb) must be contained in the blood. The values of this indicator normally depend on gender (in women they are lower), age (in newborns they are high, but decrease over time, in older people they are lowered).
The hemoglobin level is variable. This indicator is affected by the nature of food, physical activity, drugs, in women – menstruation, pregnancy, the postpartum period.
On average, the hemoglobin content in the blood (g / l) is considered the norm:
for men – 130–160;
for women – 115–145.
Signs of low hemoglobin
It is clear that to say for sure that hemoglobin is normal or it is lowered, possibly by analysis. However, there are certain signs that indicate a problem, and they are manifested in appearance, and affect well-being.
Hair may fall out due to low hemoglobin levels.
The external signs of low hemoglobin include the following:
the skin is pale or yellowish, dry, cold to the touch;
the tongue, on the contrary, is painted in bright red;
painful cracks occur in the corners of the mouth;
dry hair is split and even falls out, the nails are flaked and broken;
tingling is felt in the soles, leg cramps are possible;
strange taste preferences develop – the desire to eat inedible substances or raw foods;
the same thing happens with the sense of smell – like unpleasant, pungent odors, such as gasoline or acetone.
Along with these symptoms, you feel worse:
weakness develops, fatigue is constantly felt, with a large lack of hemoglobin, fainting can occur;
with even small efforts shortness of breath appears;
often dizzy and sore head;
ringing occurs in the ears;
temperature may rise slightly for no apparent reason;
in women, a menstrual cycle malfunction or a complete absence of menstruation;
in men – problems with potency.
The fact is that the causes of low hemoglobin, along with iron deficiency, may be the body’s inability to absorb it or internal bleeding that has opened up. And then, taking the drug, you only harm yourself.
Entrust this problem to a professional: he will conduct an examination, identify the true cause of the ailment and prescribe the correct treatment.