How often do you need to be tested
Excellent health few can boast of. Bad ecology, a busy rhythm of life, heredity, bad habits contribute to the development of diseases. And even half of those who are confident in their good health are often mistaken. After all, pathologies are able to proceed secretively for a long time.
The only method to detect diseases at the initial stage is a regular medical examination. It remains only to remember what research needs to be done and how often to take tests.
Recommended tests: why and when to take them
It is difficult to get a person to be examined if nothing bothers him. In the desire to refuse, he will find many reasons why this should not be done: long lines, the need to take leave of work or take time off. But if you look at the statistics of mortality, then you begin to realize the value of health.
The life expectancy of an average resident of Russia is 71.4 years. And the population does not die of old age, but of a “bouquet” of acquired diseases that were not detected in a timely manner and were not treated at a time when the chances of recovery were as high as possible.
The list of mandatory laboratory tests includes:
1. General blood test (or KLA)
The biomaterial is taken from a finger or from a vein. The study determines the level of hemoglobin, evaluates the ESR reaction (this is the sedimentation rate of red bodies – red blood cells), the level of leukocytes, red blood cells, determines the leukocyte formula.
General blood analysis
The obtained indicators will give an idea of the presence (or confirm the absence) of the inflammatory, infectious process in the body, the development of anemia, some blood diseases.
2. Biochemical blood test
Blood sampling is carried out from a vein. The study determines the level of cholesterol, glucose, bilirubin, triglycerides, creatinine, urea, total protein, ALT and AST enzymes, important trace elements.
Based on the results obtained, a specialist can identify the development of cardiovascular pathologies, diseases of the liver, kidneys, gall bladder, pancreas. In addition, biochemistry evaluates the speed and quality of metabolic processes, gives an idea of the deficiency of trace elements.
3. Urinalysis (OAM)
For diagnosis, morning urine is given in a sterile container. OAM allows you to evaluate the functioning of the genitourinary system. The density level characterizes the functioning of the kidneys.
The presence of protein, glucose, bilirubin, red blood cells signal the development of diseases of the liver, kidneys, and diabetes. The presence of leukocytes and bacteria in the urine confirms the occurrence of infectious processes in the urinary tract.
How often do I need to be tested? For each patient, the frequency of diagnosis is individual. If a person does not bother anything, and the tests submitted confirm that he is completely healthy, then repeated studies can be carried out after 1 year.
A regular medical examination includes the following studies:
Fluorography assesses the condition of the lungs. It allows you to detect tuberculosis at an early stage, gives an idea of pleural diseases and the presence of malignant neoplasms.
Fluorography is required every year.
Such a diagnosis is undertaken to determine the work of the heart.
3. Ultrasound of the peritoneum and pelvis
The study of the peritoneal cavity allows you to assess the condition of many internal organs: liver, spleen, pancreas, gall bladder, kidneys.
Ultrasound determines the structure, shape, presence of tumors, calculi, cysts, and the location of organs. Pelvic ultrasound diagnoses pathologies of the reproductive system: ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes in women and prostate in men. In addition, the examination shows the condition of the rectum, ureters and bladder.
The list of required studies may include some additional tests and examinations. The feasibility of such a diagnosis is dictated by the age of the patient, place of residence, lifestyle.
The doctor may recommend:
1. The study of the level of thyroid hormones
Such a blood test must be taken to all people who live in areas depleted in natural iodine. The study evaluates the functioning of the gland, the level of hormones produced. Timely therapy eliminates the risk of developing serious complications.
Thyroid hormone test
How often do blood tests for hormones? If the thyroid gland functions correctly, then 1 time per year is enough. In the presence of pathologies, the doctor prescribes the test schedule.
2. Blood for markers of hepatitis B, C, HIV
These studies are recommended for patients who frequently visit the dentist who have undergone extensive surgery, and tattoo lovers. A blood test should be taken to people changing sexual partners. The frequency of the study depends on the patient. Usually it is recommended to be diagnosed once every 6-12 months.